A Vegetarian Diet

The Vegetarian Society defines vegetarians as individuals that eat no meat, poultry, fish, or seafood. They do not eat any slaughter byproducts such as gelatin or animal fats. Vegans are defined as vegetarians that eat no dairy or egg products as well.
Topic 1: A Vegetarian Diet
Discuss the following in your initial post:
1. What does a vegan eat?
2. Why do people choose to become vegetarian? What are the right or wrong reasons?
3. Is meat important in your culture? Why or why not?
4. Would you ever consider going vegetarian or vegan? If you already are a vegetarian, what made you choose this lifestyle?
5. How would your family react if you chose to eat vegetarian or vegan? If you are already a vegetarian, how did your family react to your choice?
6. What nutritional concerns would you have for a growing teenager if they choose a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle?
· to get involved throughout the entire week

· to contribute in a way that adds to the discussion and moves it forward in an original fashion

· to use the course content to form your posts and responses

As a guideline, should be at least 150 words and

Textbook Reference:

Grosvenor, M., & Smolin, L. (2015). Visualizing nutrition: Everyday choices, (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Do you think we should build a wall on the Mexican border?

Discussion 1: Do you think we should build a wall on the Mexican border? Why or why not? Explain.
Click the link below for information on the Wall.
****  After reading the information presented on the website, I do not believe the wall should be built. First of all, it is estimated to cost over $25Billion. Mexico has said in the past that they will NOT pay for it. If they did the original plan of putting a tariff of 20% on all imports from Mexico, yeah it could pay for the wall, but it would most likely hurt our ties with Mexico. The wall will also hurt the ecosystem. It will hinder some endangered animals ability to mate.
The topic of immigration is a very sensitive topic. I myself I’m an immigrant, therefore I will try to be as unbiased as possible. When it comes to the topic of President Trump building the wall on the Mexican border; I believe that the wall should not be built. Reason being: the cons in building the wall, such as price outweighs the pros. While there might be pros, but we can all agree that the main reason for the wall being built is for immigration purposes.
This costly wall which is estimated to be about 10 billion dollars or more is an investment that needs to be weighed on if the cost will outweigh the benefits or vice versa. While a wall itself, I believe will not deter illegal entry from the border; we must ask ourselves, what is its purpose. Along with purpose is motive. What is the president’s motive in building this wall? Is this wall a product of tightening our border; or merely grounds of racial biases. Sadly, I’m driven to believe the latter. It can be argued that our President, Mr. Trumps motives are racially and discriminatory driven.

Women’s Health Initiative (WHI)


Instruction: Choose one of the Studies below and Answer the Question that follow.
There have been four major cohort studies that have investigated women’s health:
· Nurses’ Health Study (NHS)
· Women’s Health Initiative (WHI)
· Study of Osteoporotic Fractures
· Iowa Women’s Health Study
For your initial post this week, choose one of the four studies (links above). Write a brief synopsis of the study design, discussing if it was a concurrent or retrospective study.

Flowering plants

Flowering plants
Angiosperms (flowering plants) are the largest Phylum in the plant kingdom Plantae. These plants have true roots, stems, leaves, and flowers. The roots grow into the soil to anchor the plant in place and take up water and nutrients. The leaves are above ground and act as the main organs for photosynthesis. Stems provide above-ground support for the plant and operate as conduits to move nutrients and water throughout the plant. Flowers contain the male and female reproductive organs of the plant.
Plants develop specialized roots, stems, leaves, and flowers to make them better adapted to their environment. With the anatomical features described above in mind, do some research to find an angiosperm that has modified leaves, stems, roots or flowers that are structurally different from the norm, do not function in the normal manner, or that function in an unusual manner. For example, a cactus has spines in place of leaves. The spines help reduce water loss that would occur through a large, expanded leaf in a desert environment, and they also help to prevent herbivory.

  • Browse through the pages in the following link to learn more about gymnosperms and angiosperms: Evolution of the Seed Plant.
  • Watch this video to learn more about modified roots, stems and leaves: Modification of Root, Stem and Leaf.

Complete all of the following steps:

  • Choose an angiosperm with at least 1 unusual organ, characteristic, modification, or adaptation.
  • Describe the anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) of the angiosperm you chose.
  • Explain the unusual characteristic(s) or modification(s) and how it differs from the standard root, stem, leaf, or flower.
  • What benefit does the modification provide to the plant you chose?
  • Research at least 1 other plant, or review posts made by your peers to devise a potentially advantageous new adaptation that would benefit your plant.
    • Consider the environment, potential threats, and changing climate, and then come up with an adaptation that would further benefit your angiosperm. Explain the potential concern your plant will face and how your new adaptation would benefit the plant. For example, gypsy moth is an introduced species spreading west and south from New England. The caterpillars can strip all of the leaves from a maple tree but do not eat the waxy leaves of holly that produce a toxin, theobromine. If maple trees had waxy, toxic leaves like the holly, then they would be protected from these pests.

Utilize at least 1 credible source to support the arguments presented in your post.
In your own words, post a response to the Discussion Board, and comment on at least 2 other postings. You will be graded on both level of engagement and the quality of the contribution to the discussion.
Tree of Life Web Project. (2005). Retrieved from http://tolweb.org/tree/phylogeny.html
Macmillan Education India. (2017, September 20). Modification of root, stem and leaf | Macmillan Education India [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1K_G4UXc3s0

Animal Kingdom


You will create this assignment following the Assignment Detail instructions below. This assignment will be submitted in the Unit 5 – Submission Assignment lesson in intellipath.
Review the tutorial titled How to Submit the Intellipath Submission Assignment.
Please submit your work to this week’s Intellipath Unit Submission lesson. Click the ‘Upload’ button within the submission lesson to access the submission area.  Click the ‘Select file’ button to upload your document, then click ‘Ok’ to finish.
Assignment Description
Animal Kingdom
Organisms are placed in taxonomic classifications based on differences and similarities of their traits. If you know what critical traits to look for, it is possible to separate any animal into a taxonomic category using a dichotomous key.
The common taxonomic categories are Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species (Specific Epithet). This assignment will explore the Phylum and Class categories.
The assignment document contains a table with nine images. The images are examples of nine different animal phyla: Porifera, Cnidaria, Nematoda, Arthropoda, Platyhelminthes, Annelida, Mollusca, Echinodermata, and Chordata.

  • In column 1, determine and list the correct Phylum name for each animal using the nine Phyla listed in your text.
  • In column 2, using the dichotomous key provided, determine the class for each animal. List all of the dichotomous key steps chosen when using the key to arrive at the class for each animal.
  • In column 3, the Classification Column, write the class name for each animal from the dichotomous key provided and your key steps.

First download U5 Animal Table 2018 document.
Next, download the Dichotomous Key document.
Use the dichotomous key to determine the class category, as shown for each animal (picture), and write the class names under the Classification Column on the table.
For help on how to use the dichotomous key, download and review the document called How to Use the Dichotomous Key.
Submit your completed table.

 Structure And Functions Of Organs

 Structure And Functions Of Organs

Identify an organism that lives within 50 miles of your home.
Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper about how the organism has adapted to survive in their specific environment. Include the following points in your paper:

  • Briefly describe the environment (temperature, landscape, food sources, etc.) and describe the organism’s role in the environment. Determine which organism your chosen organism would be most closely related to using a phylogenetic tree.
  • Identify the structures and functions of the main organs found in your selected organism.
  • Explain how the organism has evolved physiologically to become suited to its environment.
  • Explain how things would change if the organism were to be transplanted to a significantly different environment:
  • Would their organ system still be as efficient? Why or why not?
  • Would the organism survive in this new environment? Why or why not?

Include the diagram and other appropriate pictures in your paper and make sure to provide a full reference for the images in your reference section.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines including references and in-text citations. Your paper should include a well written introduction and conclusion. Use only academic research sources.

Differences between endotherms and exotherms.

Imagine you have been asked to teach a small group of your peers about animal organs.
Create 10 multiple-choice questions to test knowledge of the structure and function of animal organs.
Address the functions of each of the following concepts in your test.

  • Differences between asymmetrical, radial symmetry and bilateral symmetry.
  • Differences between endotherms and exotherms.
  • Definition and examples of epithelial tissue. (provide one example)
  • Definition and examples of connective tissue. (provide one example)
  • Definition and examples of muscle tissue. (provide one example)
  • Definition and examples of nervous tissue. (provide one example)

Use the Physiology Test Template to complete this assignment.
Read the Writing Good Multiple Choice questions article on the Berkeley Lab Training website for tips on writing multiple-choice questions: http://training.lbl.gov/Resources/MultipleChoice.html
Cite your sources according to APA guidelines.

Genetically modified crop plants

Gene technology carries with it social and ethical implications—many of which engender personal views and discussion.
Select one (1) of the following biotechnology topics to write about:

  • Genetically modified crop plants
  • Genetically modified microorganisms
  • Genetically modified animals
  • Personal genomics and / or personalized medicine for humans
  • Gene therapy

Write a four to six (4 to 6) page paper on your chosen topic.  Organize your paper into sections corresponding to the following requirements:

  1. Biological basis. Describe the technology. Discuss what it accomplishes. Elaborate on the scientific principles that make this technology possible. Your goal in this section of the paper is to show the instructor that you understand the underlying science behind the technology. Describe how exactly the technology works. Discuss the biological principles that underlie this technology.
  2. Social and ethical implications. Without disclosing your personal view about this technology, provide an analysis of its social and ethical implications. State the ethical concerns apparent in the use of this technology. Discuss the benefits and risks. Your goal in this section is to look at all sides of the issue. In the next section, you will give your opinion.
  3. Personal viewpoint. In the previous section, your goal was to be as objective as possible, to look at all sides of the issues. In this section, your goals are to give a personal opinion about the technology and provide a justification of that opinion.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment, in addition to the course text. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. The body of the paper must have in-text citations that correspond to the references. Integrate all sources into your paper using proper techniques of quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing, along with proper use of in-text citations to credit your sources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.


Discussion Assignment: Hypertension
Dr. Ally, a 49-year-old professor, was diagnosed with essential hypertension 12 years ago and was on antihypertensive drugs. However, he did not take his medications last year because he was feeling just fine. In addition, he was very busy with work. Nevertheless, he felt tired after work and developed dyspnea while climbing the stairs. Recently, he had a bout of epistaxis (severe nose bleed) with dizziness and blurred vision. He went to the doctor for a checkup. His blood pressure was 180/110, and the doctor found rales or crackles on his chest upon auscultation. The doctor ordered rest and asked him to start his medication again.
· What are the patient’s problems?
· What pathophysiological changes are happening in his eyes and heart?
· According to the doctor, the patient might have developed congestive heart failure. Is it right-sided or left-sided?
· What medications are likely to have been used? Describe the mechanisms of actions of at least two antihypertensive drugs.

 the effects that sequencing the human genome could have on the human population

The Human Genome Project began with two goals: to know the sequence of genes on all the human chromosomes and to know the sequence of bases on all the human chromosomes. With this information, individuals with genetic defects could be identified and receive treatment.
Initially, the Human Genome Project was done by government-sponsored labs. Currently, pharmaceutical companies want to sponsor specific researchers because they hope to get a head start on possible drug remedies for genetic illnesses.
1. Briefly comment on the effects that sequencing the human genome could have on the human population.
2. Briefly discuss the pros and cons regarding government-sponsored research versus private industry-sponsored research.
Can someone write 2-3 paragraphs.